FAQ Cataracts

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Cataract

1. What is a cataract?

A cataract is a vision problem caused by a clouding of the eye’s lens. The most common type is related to aging. More than half of the American population ages 60 and older have cataracts.

2. How do I know if I have a cataract?
  • Cloudy or blurred vision
  • Nighttime glare from headlights
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Difficulty reading fine print
  • Faded colors

3. Can cataracts be prevented?

Most cataracts occur with age; however, a good balanced diet, protection from the sun, and restraint from smoking can delay the development of cataracts.

4. What can I expect during cataract surgery?

The Cataract & Lasik Center of Utah was the first facility in Utah County to perform small-incision cataract surgery, and the first Medicare-certified eye surgical center in the state. The surgery is done in our fully equipped surgical suite with sophisticated monitors, back-up power and state-of-the art ophthalmic equipment.

To restore clear vision for someone with a cataract, the cloudy natural lens needs to be replaced. At the Cataract & Lasik Center of Utah the technique used is called phacoemulsification, an advanced and painless method of cataract removal.

During cataract surgery, a tiny ultrasonic probe breaks up the cataract and draws it away. Once the cataract is removed, a permanent artificial lens is inserted. Patients commonly experience dramatically improved vision within a few hours of their procedure.

We are proud to provide this service to Salt Lake City, Provo, and the surrounding areas.
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5. What is the lens?

The lens is the part of the eye that helps focus light on the retina. In a normal eye, light passes through the lens and is focused on the retina. To help produce a clear image, the lens must remain clear. The lens is made mostly of water and protein. As you age, the protein can clump together and start to cloud small areas of the lens that blocks light from reaching the retina, interfering with vision. This is a cataract. In its early stages, a cataract may not cause a problem. However, over time the cataract may grow larger, making it harder to see. Because less light reaches the retina, your vision may become dull and blurry.

Learn more about cataract lens options for vision correction.

6. What are possible side effects of cataract surgery?

As with any surgery, discomfort, infection and swelling are possible, but very few patients experience serious problems. Dr. Monroe may prescribe medications for these effects. Retinal detachment is also rare. However, if you experience excessive pain, vision loss, or nausea, report these symptoms to Dr. Monroe immediately.

7. Will I need to wear glasses after my cataract surgery?

During traditional cataract surgery a single focus lens is implanted. Often times this gives patients good distance vision but still requires them to wear reading glasses for near vision. However, at the Cataract & Lasik Center of Utah, patients have the option for advanced lens implants which may reduce dependence on glasses and contact lenses.

Click here to see what our patients are saying about their cataract surgery!

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